New cases per day: 6,995
Deaths per day: 782
Court on July 8th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
New cases per day: 4,902
Deaths per day: 480
Court on July 7th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
New cases per day: 4,902
Deaths per day: 480
Court on July 6th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
New cases per day: 6,740
Deaths per day: 654
Court on July 5, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
Because the businesses in this area do not respect the nine rules, since this Monday those who violate three recommendations will be closed for 15 days.
Local government secretary Rosa Icela Rodríguez recommended that citizens come to this area, “for labor or commercial reasons, not for pleasure”, to do so according to the initials of their surname.
Monday, Wednesday and Friday will be able to go the initials from A to L; while Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, those from M to Z.
New cases per day: 5,681
Deaths per day: 741
Court on July 1st, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
New cases per day: 5,432
Deaths per day: 648
Court on June 30th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
New cases per day: 3,805
Deaths per day: 473
Court on June 29th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
New cases per day: 4,050
Deaths per day: 267
Court on June 28th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
New cases per day: 5,437
Deaths per day: 947
Court on June 24th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
New cases per day: 6,288
Deaths per day: 793
Court on June 23rd, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
New cases per day: 4,577
Deaths per day: 759
Court on June 22, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
New cases per day: 5,343
Deaths per day: 1,044
*Updated June 21st, 2020, 7:00 pm
New cases per day: 4,930
Deaths per day: 770
*Updated June 17th, 2020, 7:00 pm
New cases per day: 4,599
Deaths per day: 730
*Updated June 16th, 2020, 7:00 pm
New cases per day: 3,427
Deaths per day: 439
*Updated June 15th, 2020, 7:00 pm
New cases per day: 4,147
Confirmed: 146, 837
Suspected: 52, 636
Deaths per day: 269
*Updated June 14th, 2020, 7:00 pm
Mexican airlines at risk of “landing” in bankruptcy
Cases in Mexico*
*Updated June 9th, 2020, 7:00 pm
First closings of mega hotels in Mérida and Los Cabos
Airbus intimidates taking legal action against airlines
Cases in Mexico*
*Updated June 8th, 2020, 7:00 pm
*Updated June 7th, 2020, 7:00 pm
Zoé Robledo, the director of the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) came out positive on COVID-19. The epidemiology area will continue to monitor the evolution of this case and of the people who had contact with the director. Zoé Robledo accompanied the President of Mexico Andrés Manuel López Obrador to one of his tours. Last Friday he was with him in Villahermosa, Tabasco.
*Updated June 3rd, 2020, 7:00 pm
The Secretariat of Health reported that there are 101,238 confirmed cases of coronavirus in Mexico, as well as 11,729 deaths, 1,092 more than the figure that was disclosed yesterday. On the third day of “the new normal”, the number of deaths reached a record number. José Luis Alomía, Director of Epidemiology, mentioned that this large number of deaths reported this Wednesday did not occur in the last 24 hours.
*Updated June 2nd, 7:00 pm
The World Health Organization (WHO) assured that the 2nd wave of worldwide contagion can be avoided. Despite the drop in cases of coronavirus, in some countries, the risk remains high. The WHO also stated that there is still no date for a vaccine.
*Updated June 1st, 2020, 7:00 pm
The President of the Republic, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, assures that he sees hope in the prompt economic reactivation. ‘If we do well’, less than a million jobs will be lost.
During the kick-off of the Tren Maya, the president noted that the most difficult quarter is April-June, and from June to December, the national economy will improve.
*Updated May 31st, 2020, 7:00 pm
On tour in the state of Quintana Roo, the President of Mexico assured that if there are outbreaks of coronavirus, the “new normal” will be suspended, and “we will close again”.
López Obrador said that “closing” should be understood as “recommending” since his government is against impositions.
He said that the return to normal will be very important for everyone because it improves not only the national but the popular and family economy.
“There are different approaches here: if we are public servants, we have our salary assured, what we charge every week, every fifteen days, every month; but there are many Mexicans who make a living day by day.”
Court on May 27, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
Head of Government Claudia Sheinbaum said that in the case of no discharge in the hospital occupation there are no conditions to change the stage in the CDMX.
For his part, The Mexican Secretary of Health, Gabriel O’Shea, explained that the third phase has a plateau of two and a half weeks, so that the return to normalcy could be analyzed from June 15.
Iztapalapa Mayor Clara Brugada stressed that, despite the federal government’s announcement on the resumption of activities, the mayor’s office will continue to be asked to keep the neighbors home. In addition, it will strengthen operatives to prevent the reopening of tianguis.
*Updated May 26th, 2020, 7:00 pm
Andrés Manuel López Obrador reported that he is likely to resume his tours in the country. He explained that it will be Tuesday when he goes to Cancun to give the kick-off of the Tren Maya.
The President of Mexico said he is awaiting authorization from the health authorities. He noted that he will take sanitary measures and could even use a mask on his plane transfer from Mexico City to Cancun.
*Updated May 25, 2020, 7:00 pm
The undersecretary of Prevention and Health Promotion, Hugo López-Gatell, promoted the use of masks as an official prevention measure.
Gatell explained that in the first instance its use was not recommended as it could lead to the confusion that it was an interchangeable measure for home confinement.
The new normality includes a ‘traffic lights’ system for social reactivation, depending on the territory and the number of infections.
Best Day is on its way to restart operations
In Tren Maya, only essential activities are carried out
*Updated May 24th, 2020, 7:00 pm
President Andrés Manuel López Obrador said that this would be the last week of stage 3 of the health emergency.
In the coming days, the information will be given on the possible return of classes in some regions of the country.
He also asserted that the resumption of productive activities is being enforced following health protocols, as well as related to agreements with the United States and Canada.
Although the country will soon leave confinement, the president urged the population to continue with the sanitary measures.
*Updated May 20th, 2020, 7:00 pm
In the last 24 hours in Mexico, there were 424 deaths from coronavirus, the highest number since the pandemic began. It was reiterated that the society should stay home the 12 remaining days of the Healthy Distance National Campaign.
*Updated May 19th, 2020, 7:00 pm
In case that the health authorities do not authorize the President López Obrador to travel, he said that the kick-off of the construction of the Tren Maya could be carried out virtually.
The president clarified that his tour depends on the authorization of health specialists, considering the mobility restrictions that are contemplated to avoid Covid-19 infections.
If his attendance is not possible, the following weekend he will visit the points where the work will begin.
Updated May 18, 2020, 7:00 pm*
The peso began the session today with an appreciation of MXN 0.19 when trading at MXN 23.5457 per dollar.
The currency strengthened due to news of advances for a Covid-19 vaccine and a general decline in the dollar against most currencies in the world.
At bank counters, dollar is sold at retail for MXN 24.16 in Banamex; MXN 24.04 in BBVA; MXN 23.95 in Banorte; MXN 24.15 in Scotiabank; MXN 24.21 in Monex; MXN 24.20 in Inbursa, and MXN 23.66 in BX +.
Cases in Mexico*
*Updated May 17th, 2020, 7:00 pm
The Secretariat of Economy published the document that contains the principles and strategies on health promotion and protection measures, and for the care of vulnerable groups, to be considered for the preparation of the Health Security Protocol.
The document details the guidelines to be applied mandatorily in the actions and plans for the start of activities considered essential, as it has happened as of May 14th with the construction and mining industry, as well as the related to the manufacturing of equipment transport.
These guidelines will become the benchmark for the rest of the essential activities in the areas that apply to them.
Court on May 13, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
The Official Journal of the Federation issued the agreement setting out a traffic light system to assess the epidemiological risk associated with the reopening of activities in each state.
The strategy proposes the reopening of activities in a gradual three-stage manner.
Stage 1. May 18. Activities are resumed in municipalities without CASES of COVID-19 and without neighborhood with municipalities with cases of COVID-19.
Stage 2. May 18-31. Actions are prepared for the reactivation of activities in general: health protocols, staff training, re-adaptation of spaces and production processes; sanitization and hygiene of the workspaces.
Stage 3. June 1. According to the semaphore system by region for the reopening of social, educational, and economic activities.
*Updated May 12th, 2020, 7:00 pm
The Secretary of Economy, Graciela Márquez, presented the three phases of the plan of the Federal Government for the ‘new normal’.
The economic reopening will begin on May 18th, in the ‘Municipalities of Hope’, areas in which there is no spread of the virus and do not have neighboring municipalities with cases of Covid-19.
In the second stage is planned the general reopening and the consideration of the construction, mining, and manufacturing industries as essential activities. This is scheduled to take place from May 18th to May 31st.
In the third stage, scheduled for June 1st, the reopening of social, educational, and economic activities is planned with the implementation of the ‘traffic light’ system by region.
Updated May 11th, 2020, 7:00 pm*
President Andrés Manuel López Obrador will announce on Wednesday which municipalities could reopen economic, social, and academic activities.
The chief executive explained that this is not a return to ‘normality’, but a new and different reality.
He said that of the almost 2,500 municipalities in the country, 1,000 have cases of Covid-19 and there are about 300 or 400 risk-free since their neighbouring municipalities do not have cases either.
*Updated May 10th, 2020, 70:00 pm
Five new cases of coronavirus were reported in Wuhan City, the initial focus of the Covid-19 pandemic. This happened one day after announcing the first infection after over a month.
This Monday there are already 17 new cases, 10 of which are local infections. This is the second day of a two-digit increase in the number of infections.
Five of these cases were registered in the Northeast of the country, near Russia and North Korea, raising fears of new outbreaks.
In the capital of Colombia, there are registered 4,155 infected people.
In Brazil, 47% of people comply with the quarantine, and as of today, the use of masks is mandatory.
In France, the quarantine ends, and more than 400 thousand companies, shops, and schools reopen, although partially and with restrictions. Its borders remain closed.
In the United Kingdom the quarantine ends, the European country with the most deaths from Covid-19. Any foreigner who wants to enter must spend 2 weeks in quarantine before entering the country.
In Spain phase 1 of the end of the quarantine begins. In the areas least affected by Covid-19, cafes and bars have already open with a capacity of 50%.
In Germany, there is concern about a new outbreak of the virus. On Saturday, the Bundesliga will be played again without an audience in the stadiums.
Updated May 6th, 7:00 pm
The main indexes of the United States and Mexico have reported gains during this Thursday morning. The Dow Jones industrial average increases 1.33%, the S&P 500 is up 1.36%, and the tech Nasdaq is up 1.26%. In Mexico, the Price and Quotation Index rises by 0.81%.
The United Nations soared the request for funds to fight the coronavirus pandemic in vulnerable countries from USD 2 billion to 6,7 billion. The humanitarian chief, Mark Lowcock, pointed out that in the world’s poorest countries, the pandemic will not reach its peak but until in three to six months.
*Updated May 5th, 7:00 pm
Hugo López Gatell, Undersecretary for Prevention and Health Promotion, pointed out that the highest peak of COVID-19 infections in the country will be on May 8th, and not on May 6th, as it had been predicted.
He emphasized that had not taken mitigation measures, the peak would have taken place on April 2nd, very early. While updating the prediction, he pointed out that “an additional gain is seen, and this curve is flatter than predicted on April 29th.”
Updated May 4th, 2020, 7:00 pm*
The Undersecretary of Prevention and Health Promotion, Hugo López-Gatell Ramírez, pointed out that with duplication of Covid-19 cases every six days, the epidemic curve in the country has been flattened.
López Gatell emphasized that this does not mean that there are no more positive cases, but that the spread of the virus slowed down thanks to mitigation measures
The Undersecretary clarified that thanks to the National Healthy Distance Campaign, cases have been reduced by 70 percent.
*Updated May 3rd, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
President Andrés Manuel López Obrador announced the implementation of the DN-III-E and Marina plans given the rise in the number of infections and deaths from coronavirus in the country. These plans will focus on the six states with the most cases of Covid-19: Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Estado de México, Mexico City, Sinaloa, and Baja California. The head of the national defense secretariat (Sedena), General Luis Cresencio Sandoval, indicated that 30 of the 117 sanitary facilities of the institution in the country will become Covid-19 centers.
Profeco sent a request to Interjet to stop any practice against the interests of consumers since it did not present evidence of being in position to fulfill its commitments.
Profeco called Interjet to comply with the guidelines described in the Federal Law on Consumer Protection. Added to this is the suspension of Interjet by the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which will prevent it from selling tickets in certain international markets, as was reported last week.
Europe began the end of the quarantine; many countries have started to take quarantine relief measures since Monday.
In Spain, the so-called phase zero begins, the first of the 4 in which the new normality that should arrive on June 22nd will be adopted.
The United Kingdom already totals the third- largest worldwide number of deaths. Next Sunday the end of quarantine plan begins.
Colombia exceeded 7,500 cases of infections; 340 people have died; 1,722 people have been recovered in existing centers and there are 7,668 cases of infections
Brazil obtained a significant advance in infections due to the new coronavirus, however, the recovery of affected people also took a surprising leap.
Updated to April 29th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
After national activity fell 1.6% in the first half, Mexico entered the deepest economic recession this year. This is the most severe drop in the last 11 years, according to the GDP estimate that the INEGI (National Institute of Statistics and Geography) published.
Updated on April 27th, 2020, 7:00 pm
New Zealand could have won the battle to Covid-19
Updated to April 26th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
To identify the coronavirus, Mexico, only 0.4 tests are applied per 1000 inhabitants. The timely application of coronavirus tests would be a determining factor in reducing the time of confinement and avoiding a second outbreak, warned Jose Ángel Gurría, Secretary General of the OECD, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Updated to April 23rd, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
The OECD, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, conducted an analysis of 35 countries, where Mexico was in last place in tests for coronavirus. For every thousand inhabitants 0.2 tests have been carried out. Also, the OECD states that in order to reduce the risk of new outbreaks the test will have to be increased
Cut off at 22/April/2020, 7:00 pm
Mexico’s president opined the idea of his counterpart, Donald Trump, to stop migration to his country.
López Obrador said that both nations need each other and that the total closure of the border could not be due to this level of integration. It asserted that the United States should consider what Mexico produces in order to initiate its economic activities.
Updated to April 21st, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
The Ministry of Communications and Transportation (SCT) granted the rights of way, where for 50 years, Fonatur will oversee building, exploiting, and operating the work.
Updated to April 20th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
Undersecretary of Health Hugo López Gatell decreed that Mexico entered Phase 3 because of the coronavirus epidemic in which an increase in contagions and hospitalizations is expected.
López Gatell Ramírez mentioned that in different geographical areas of the country COVID-19 contagions have exceeded one thousand cases.
In turn, he emphasized that in entities with fewer cases, and where transmission of the virus is controlled, social estrangement measures may be lifted from 18 May.
Updated to April 19th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
*Updated to April 16th, 7:00 pm
The governor of Michoacán, Silvano Aureoles Conejo, warned that the state will not comply the measures announced by the Undersecretary of Prevention and Health Promotion, Hugo López Gatell, regarding to the days indicated for the end of the emergency due to Covid-19.
Aureoles referred to the time established by Hugo López Gatell as those of hospitalization and stabilization of the pandemic projected for the months of May and June respectively.
The governor added that he will return 2,000 masks and 96 bottles of alcohol sent to the entity. Furthermore, he reiterated his request for the sanitary supplies required by the state.
Mexico City, State of Mexico and Baja California are the states of the Mexican Republic with the largest number of cases registered of COVID-19.
On the other hand, the municipalities of Mexico City which have registered the most cases of COVID-19 are:
The airline has temporarily configured 10 of its Airbus A320 aircraft to perform 100% cargo flights in order to adapt to current demand.
Each aircraft has a capacity for up to 19 tons of cargo and carries all types of it to and from Mexico City, Monterrey, Guadalajara, Querétaro, Mérida, Tijuana, San José del Cabo, Cancún and soon to Ciudad Juárez, Culiacán and Oaxaca.
Updated to April 15th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
Updated to April 14th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
To prevent the spread of the coronavirus, as of this Friday, the use of face masks will be mandatory when traveling in the Metro Collective Transportation System.
Authorities recommend using the masks covering the nose and mouth in its entirety, manipulating it by the springs without touching the cloth.
Starting this Wednesday 17, a million maks will begin to be distributed free of charge at the Pantitlán station on Lines A and 9.
Air Canada and its partners Air Transat and Sunwing will maintain the suspension of 160 routes until June due to the spread of the coronavirus.
For their side, Air Transat and Sunwing announced that they will not refund the money to users who have already paid for their holidays. Instead, they will provide a bonus or credit so that users can go on vacation within 24 months of the date of their original reservation.
*Updated to April 13h, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
After several weeks of strict confinement and economic paralysis, some European countries are preparing to return to normal.
*Updated to April 12h, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
By means of a video published on social media, the Mexican actor Eugenio Derbez denounced a shortage of medical supplies at the clinic 20 of IMSS in Tijuana.
For its part, the Baja California IMSS Twitter account indicated that they have material for the care of suspected and confirmed Covid-19 patients. At the same time, they invited the population to consult official sources.
Mayan Riviera 4%
Los Cabos 4%
Nayarit Riviera 6%
Puerto Vallarta 3%
Mexico City 4%
The airline has canceled 2,261 operations, followed by American Air Alines, which exceeded 2,000 cancellations. It is recorded that the total number of seats lost in Quintana Roo by COVID-19 has been almost 3,600,000 seats.
The number of operations canceled by the airlines are as follows: Interjet 2661, American Air Lines 2010, United Air Lines 1542, VivaAerobus 1446, Volaris 1379, South West 1126, AeroMéxico 599, Sunwing 590, Air Canada 576 and finally Magnicharters 538.
Updated to April 7th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
Cases in Mexico
*Updated to April 6th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
The federal government established that the steel, cement and glass production companies will be able to continue working during the quarantine, as long as the protocols for protection against COVID-19 are complied with, as they are considered necessary activities and, if not carried out, could cause irreversible effects.
Therefore, those companies that maintain contracts related to the projects for the construction of the Maya Train, the Dos Bocas refinery, the Santa Lucia Airport and the Trans-isthmus Corridor will continue to operate during the contingency.
The suppliers of these companies must notify the Secretariat of Economy the number of workers who are working, in addition to complying with the necessary measures to attend to the health emergency caused by the COVID-19 virus.
Cases in Mexico*
*Updated to April 5th, 2020, 7:00 p.m.
As part of his first quarterly report for his second year in office, Andrés Manuel López Obrador reported that the country has 6,425 intensive care beds with ventilators and specialized personnel to attend to severe COVID-19 coronavirus cases. The President of Mexico expressed that, without falling into triumphalism, Mexico is one of the countries with the least infected with coronavirus and the third with the fewest deaths by number of inhabitants. However, he recalled that according to specialists, “the most difficult part of the epidemic is yet to come.” For his part, the Undersecretary of Prevention and Health Promotion, Hugo López-Gatell Ramírez, said that on Monday a shipment of equipment for health workers, such as gloves, masks and gowns, will arrive in Mexico.
In a new historical record, the Mexican peso was offered at up to 25.73 pesos per dollar this morning.
According to analysts, a drop in oil prices, as well as the absence of fiscal measures in President López Obrador’s plan to deal with the coronavirus, would have shot parity to a historical record.
The first death by COVID-19 in Guanajuato was being registered. The Regional Hospital of Pemex in Salamanca reported the death of a man from coronavirus, as reported by the state Secretary of Health. This would be the first death due to COVID-19 in the entity, which so far has 58 confirmed cases.
Sinaloa has already 12 deaths from coronavirus. Through social networks, the state Secretary of Health detailed that there are already 77 confirmed cases of the viral disease.
Veracruz reaches 40 cases of coronavirus and 405 suspects. According to the report, of 724 coronavirus cases studied, 279 have been negative.
Despite the indications about not being on the streets nor public places, inhabitants of Sinaloa and Nayarit flock to beaches to enjoy the sea. However, the police remove them to prevent conglomerations and keep the Sinaloa coasts under surveillance to avoid COVID-19 infections.
In Nayarit, state residents installed checkpoints to prevent the arrival of tourists to prevent them from infecting other people. Moreover, the government ordered the closure of Sayulita, one of the most visited beaches by tourists.
Last Thursday, April 2nd, the Cancun state government had to make the decision to close its beaches due to the residents’ failure to stay at home.
However, during the weekend vacationers try to enter hotel beaches. As a result, authorities installed an operation about 1 km from the coast to keep the passage to private beaches controlled.
Given the situation of the contingency of tourism is going through by COVID-19, the Association of Secretariats of Tourism of Mexico (Asetur) met and mentioned the importance of maintaining the sources of employment for those dedicated to the tourism industry.
Luis Humberto Araiza López, President of the Asetur makes an invitation to follow security protocols to curb the contagion, but particularly to avoid unemployment due to the contingency that the country is tackling, because these small tourism companies represent 8.7 percent of Mexico’s GDP.
Due to the number of bathers who wanted to circumvent the measures decreed by the Mexican government, the Cancun police carried out controls in the hotel zones.
The authorities used drones with the legend #QuédateEnCasa (stay home) so that the population and tourists remain in their homes and hotels because of the coronavirus emergency.
Some measures are that during the quarantine reservations cannot be made, only for economic activities the hotels will be able to receive people with a quota of 15 percent of the capacity. Those who come for a business trip must present proof of the company specifying their activities. The state secretariats of tourism will draw up a list of the hotels that will be able to concentrate guests with respiratory symptoms.
The hotels that present services during the quarantine will be only the ones provided with medical service, it is authorized that foreigners can stay in defined centers, avoid access to shared areas such as gyms, restaurants, swimming pools, spas, etc. Finally, hotels must pay special rates to foreigners who present respiratory symptoms, as well as they must contact the embassy of their corresponding country for processes to return home.
Due to the measures and changes that Expedia has presented, who will take the new position of the chair of the travel unit will be Ariane Gorin. She will work side by side with an already established team, convinced that it will be a great opportunity for the company.
Despite everything that has happened due to the contingency generated by COVID-19, Expedia will go to great lengths so that its clients resume their activities and return to business with the commitment and responsibility that characterizes them.
Visitors flock to Veracruz beaches without respecting the “healthy distance” that as has been mentioned many times, in addition to the fact that the merchants in this area prevent the authorities from intervening to remove them from the beach.
Civil protection personnel and elements of the National Guard installed a filter to choose those cars that could pass on the Morelia, Nogales and Chapala highways, owing to the last weekend lines of at least 3 kilometers with trucks loaded with bicycles, scooters, pets, etc. In order to spend a weekend away from home and public places.
The World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) through three main points proposes some ideas that can be carried out in the tourism industry: from the most vulnerable people to protect jobs, income and wages, to avoid the collapse of small, medium and large travel companies, governments must extend loans without charging interest and finally eliminate tariffs and taxes on passengers within 12 months.
The WTTC points out that, although it is still too early to talk about the recovery from the tourism crisis, it is important that the government take measures in support of the industry as other countries have been doing, and the measures taken today will help counteract the negative effects.
Jerome Adams, the federal government Public Health spokesman, warned on television that Americans will face “the hardest and saddest week of their lives.” He compared what comes as his “Pearl Harbor or 9/11” moment, only this time “it’s going to happen all over the country.”
Adams warned that the United States has not yet reached the peak of the epidemic, although in some areas of the country they are already approaching.
Boris Johnson was admitted to a London hospital on Sunday as a precautionary measure, a spokeswoman said.
The president entered with persistent symptoms of coronavirus; however, he continues in his position, so he reiterated the citizens to follow the measures of social distancing.
Italy starts the week with a decrease in infected and deceased.
Spain registers its lowest number of deaths since March 24, tending downwards with 637 deaths.
The French government announced that they will experience their biggest economic recession since the end of the Second World War.
Colombia has 1,485 infected people; 35 deaths and 59 recovered.
After a meeting with President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, business leaders agreed on a series of measures to be applied during the month of April and the next two months.
The president of the Confederation of Industrial Chambers (Concamin), Francisco Cervantes, asserted that they seek to create a fund by Nacional Financiera to protect SMEs and that private banks grant loans to small businesses.